Study: Low-carbohydrate diet beneficial for diabetes patients


A recent Swedish study suggests that strict dietary measures may not be necessary to manage type 1 diabetes effectively, contrary to popular belief.

Researchers at the university of gothenburg conducted a study indicating that adopting a moderately low-carbohydrate diet could help individuals with type 1 diabetes maintain balanced blood sugar levels

Type 1 diabetes is characterized by the pancreas producing insufficient insulin or none at all, hindering the entry of sugar into cells for energy use. Without adequate insulin, blood sugar accumulates, potentially leading to severe organ damage

In this study, researchers selected 25 men and 25 women with type 1 diabetes, all experiencing elevated blood sugar levels and requiring insulin doses

Participants were instructed to follow either a diet consisting of 50% carbohydrates or a moderately low-carbohydrate diet with only 30% of energy derived from carbohydrates.

Both dietary regimens included healthy levels of fiber-rich carbohydrates, along with vegetables, unsaturated fats, nuts, seeds, and legumes

Continuous blood sugar monitoring devices recorded blood sugar levels every 15 minutes over a 16-week period.

The study found that participants following the moderately low-carbohydrate diet maintained target blood sugar levels for longer periods (an average of 68 minutes per day) compared to those on the traditional high carbohydrate diet. Simultaneously, the duration of blood sugar spikes decreased by an average of 85 minutes per day.

Published in the medical journal "The Lancet" the study also revealed that levels of a type of acid called "ketones" remained within reasonable ranges, alleviating concerns about excessively high ketone levels resulting from carbohydrate reduction in type 1 diabetes.

Lead author and nutrition specialist sofia stern isaksson commented on the study, stating, (the study demonstrates that adopting a moderately low carbohydrate diet reduces average blood sugar levels, which is beneficial in reducing the risk of organ damage for individuals with type 1 diabetes)

isaksson emphasized the importance of maintaining a healthy diet ، particularly focusing on the quality of fats and carbohydrates ، cautioning against excessively low carbohydrate intake

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